The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine is a secular Palestinian Marxist–Leninist and revolutionary socialist insurgency. The PFLP is the second largest group of the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) which was founded in 1964. The PFLP is a primarily anti-Zionist movement which opposes what it classifies as Israeli oppression.
Interestingly, the PFLP opposes the Hamas government in the Gaza Strip and the Fatah-led government in the West Bank as the group views their elections as illegal (because elections to the Palestinian National Authority have not been formally held since 2006). As a result, the PFLP has boycotted participation and contribution to the PLO’s Executive Committee and the Palestinian National Council.
The PFLP’s views towards Israel have remained severe — it does not recognise the State of Israel, it opposes negotiations with the Israeli government, and favours a one-state solution to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.
The PFLP expands its outreach and reputation within Palestine by organising popular protests. Its domestic perception is favourable given that its attacks against the Israeli state are considered as retaliation attacks by the Palestinian population. However, its recent boycott of Palestinian government affairs has somewhat weakened the PFLP's power as a branch of the PLO despite reinforcing its moral commitment to its values and beliefs.