The TPLF is a paramilitary group within Ethiopia which seeks independence for the Tigray region; a northwestern province of Ethiopia. As a socialist ethnic-nationalist insurgency group, the TPLF is composed of around 100,000 fighters. In fact, the TPLF had overthrown the Ethiopian government with the help of the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) in 1991. Until 2018, the TPLF had installed a new government within Ethiopia and was essentially ruling it as a whole.
When Eritrean president Afwerki and Ethiopian president Ahmed signed a peace agreement in 2018, the Tigray Region found itself completely isolated on diplomatic terms. Eritrea and Ethiopia blockaded all entry points into the Tigray — including the Sudanese border. This has led to extreme famine, supply scarcity, and a humanitarian crisis within the Tigray.
The TPLF — despite being recognised as a terrorist group by Ethiopia — continues its political struggle for self-determination and independence. Its large paramilitary insurgency has taken up arms once again in late 2019 to retaliate against Ethiopian and Eritrean political collusion. Controversially, Ethiopian president Ahmed has earned a Nobel Peace Prize, despite the numerous allegations of war crimes being committed by Ethiopian (and Eritrean) forces.
NOTE: This article will be updated soon.